A Runway Incursion is defined as “Any occurrence at an aerodrome involving the incorrect presence of an aircraft, vehicle or person on the protected area of a surface designated for the landing and take off of aircraft”. (ICAO Doc 4444 – PANSATM). The ‘incorrect presence’ may results from the failure of a pilot or vehicle driver to comply with a valid ATC clearance or their compliance with an inappropriate ATC clearance. A runway incursion increases the probability of a collision and subsequent damage, as usually at least one of the aircraft involved will be travelling at high speed. One of the most infamous examples of a runway incursion is the Tenerife airport disaster which involved two B747s (Pan Am and KLM) and resulted in the deaths of 583 people, and remains the most deadliest accident in Aviation history.
Published by: Flight Safety & Quality Assurance Division (OE)
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